Understanding how to record history is part of the work of a historian. Methods that are used today are not the same as those used in the past. It is vital that a historian is aware of types of recorded history so that important evidence is not missed. Oral Tradition Before the invention of writing, … Read more How to Record History
Bias is a one-sided or unbalanced view of things and is often based on a person’s feelings. It can be used to persuade or prejudice someone towards a particular viewpoint. Bias Examples Have a look at the two statements written below. They were both written before the 2019 General Election in the United Kingdom. One … Read more What is Bias?
The work of a historian is a bit like the work of a detective. A historian will undertake research to find evidence in the form of primary and secondary sources. These sources will then be analysed to form conclusions about the past. The information that can be gained from a primary or secondary source is … Read more Analysing Historical Sources
If you use another person’s work, it is important to reference that work both within your text and in a bibliography. Failure to properly reference can lead to an accusation of plagiarism and affect the credibility of your work. Including properly referenced work from a range of sources shows that you have thoroughly researched the … Read more How to Reference Internet Sources
Historians use timelines to create an ordered view of history. By sequencing events into chronological order on a timeline, it becomes easier to see causes and effects of events. Timelines can be linear or comparative. Linear Timeline Linear timelines detail events that happened within a given time frame. This time frame could be a person’s … Read more Understanding a Timeline
When a sequence of events are placed in the order in which they happened, this is called chronological order. When sorting events into chronological order, they should first be grouped by year with the earliest year first. If there are several events for a year then it is necessary to look at the date they … Read more Chronological Order – Constructing a Timeline
The word ‘chronology’ is derived from two Greek words – chronos, meaning time and logos meaning to work out or decipher. This means that ‘chronology’ literally means to work out time. In order to work out time we have to give it a logical order. Putting time in logical order can be as simple as … Read more What is a Chronology?
An idiom is a group of words or a phrase that has a different meaning to its literal meaning. For example ‘It’s raining cats and dogs’ means it is raining very hard, it does not mean cats and dogs are falling from the sky. There are a number of history idioms that may be about … Read more History Idioms
A Glossary of Historical Terms in Alphabetical order A.D. Anno Domini – In the year of our lord Absolute Monarchy When a monarch has total rule over a country or region Anachronism Something that is placed in the wrong time period Anarchy When law and order breaks down Anthropology The study of humans and their … Read more Glossary of Historical Terms
The work of a historian is a bit like that of a detective. A historian examines different types of evidence and then tries to piece together the facts. A piece of evidence or artefact is called a historical source. There are primary and secondary sources, each with different characteristics. Primary Sources A primary source is … Read more Primary and Secondary Sources
What is Evidence? Most people think of evidence as something that can be produced in a court of law to prove innocence or guilt. For example: CCTV footage of someone taking goods from a shop without paying can be used as evidence to prove they stole from the shop. Evidence is also used by many … Read more Types of Evidence
The word anachronism is derived from the Greek words ana, meaning against, and chronos meaning time. Anachronism therefore means against time, or in the wrong time period. Anachronisms are generally the result of poor research and can be found in books, movies or pictures. However, sometimes they are used on purpose to create a comic … Read more What is an Anachronism?
A century is a unit of time equal to 100 years. Centuries are named using ordinal numbers, so we might refer to the 3rd century or the sixteenth century. Using this system it would be logical to assume that the first century refers to the earliest recorded time, but this is not the case. Traditionally, … Read more Centuries – How to Name Them
When historians talk about causation, they are trying to find out why something happened when it did. It could be argued that the cause of an event is everything that has gone before but that is not particularly helpful. In reality there are always more specific causes to be examined, some of which are not … Read more Causation in History
Intervals of time are generally measured in standardised units, but some historical terms cover variable units of time. A historian needs to be familiar with units of time to ensure the correct terminology is used when describing change over time. Most people are familiar with common units of time such as week, year or century. … Read more Units of Time
History is explained as the study of the past by examining evidence from that time. It would be a daunting task for a historian to attempt to study the whole of history so most choose to focus on a particular type of history. Some may focus on a specific time period while others will choose … Read more Types of History
There are five main periods in history: Prehistory, Ancient History, Dark Ages, Middle Ages and Modern History. Within these periods are numerous historical topics, many of which overlap in dates. The timeline below shows the dates for the five periods and the most commonly studied topics that fall into that period. Please note: our use … Read more Periods in History
To understand what is meant by History it is important to understand the difference between the past and History and appreciate why History is important to our lives today. What is the Past? The past is any time before now. It can be millions of years ago, last week or even one minute ago. The … Read more History Explained